Health protection is regulated through the Health Protection Act. The objective of the Health Protection Act is to maintain and promote the health of people. In addition, it is aimed at preventing, reducing and removing factors in the environment that might present health hazards.
In addition to illnesses or health disorders diagnosed in people, health hazards denote the occurrence of factors or circumstances that might reduce the healthiness of the environment of populations or individuals.
The National Supervisory Authority for Welfare and Health supervises municipal health protection authorities in controlling compliance with the Health Protection Act.